Infertility is determined by how long you have been trying to conceive unsuccessfully. There are some possible warning signs or risks factors of infertility, which are the factors that make it more likely that you will face some difficulty conceiving r getting pregnant. Not all couples notice these signs, but you should see a fertility specialist if you do.
Normally, if you have been trying to conceive for more than six months or one year without success, especially if you are 35years or older, then your doctor will diagnose you with infertility. Ideally, you should consult with an RCC fertility specialist if you think you are dealing with infertility.
That said, here are some possible risk factors of infertility.
Irregular menstrual cycles
Although having irregular menstrual cycles can be normal, it may signify a problem at some point. During the younger years when menstruation begins, irregular cycles are normal because it takes a while for the body to be regulated. When the teenage years are over, the menstrual cycle should be regular. An irregular cycle can be a problem because it signifies an ovulation problem.
You should consult a specialist if you have unusually short (less than 24days) or long (more than 35days) cycles. Irregular menstrual cycles can be caused by other problems like thyroid dysfunction, low ovarian reserves, excessive exercise, being underweight, or being overweight.
Older age than 35years
Fertility declines with age for both genders. In women, the risk of infertility starts at the age of 35 and increases with time. According to studies, women over 35 are more likely to experience a miscarriage or have a child with a congenital disease compared to a 30year old woman. In men, sperm health decreases with age, including an increase in DNA-damaged sperm and fertility. Older male age is associated with the passing of genetic problems, congenital conditions, and increased rates of autism. Younger couples have greater chances of conceiving than their older counterparts.
Male infertility is not always apparent because there are rarely any symptoms. Problems like erectile dysfunction and low sperm count can be risk factors for infertility. You should undergo a sperm analysis if the doctor suspect inhibited sperm mobility is preventing you from conceiving.
Chronic health conditions
Chronic health conditions and their treatments can also lead to infertility problems. Conditions like diabetes, periodontal disease, untreated celiac disease, and hypothyroidism can increase the chances of infertility. Also, their treatments can impact your fertility. For instance, thyroid hormones, antidepressants, and insulin can cause irregular menstrual cycles, and other medications can cause low sperm count in men.
History of STIs
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also cause infertility. For instance, inflammation from gonorrhea or chlamydia can block fallopian tubes making assisted pregnancy difficult and increasing the chances of an ectopic pregnancy. Scar tissue in the male reproductive tract due to untreated sexual infections can inhibit semen transfer, and that is why you should see a doctor right away if you have an STI.
Other risk factors for infertility include toxic chemical exposure, smoking, alcohol use, cancer, obesity, and exposure to high temperatures.